Texas Flag History
History of the Lone Star Flag of Texas as illustrated in various primary documents.
Adopting a National Seal and Standard
for the Republic of Texas.
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of
the Republic of Texas in congress assembled, That for the future the national seal of this republic shall
consist of a isngle star with the letters "Repiblic of Texas'" circular on said seal, which said seal shall
also be circular.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, &c. That for the future there shall be a national flag, to be denominated the "National
Standard of Texas," the conformation of which shall be an azure ground, with a large golden star
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, &c. That the national flag for the naval service for the Republic of Texas as adopted
by the President at Harrisburg on the ninth day of April eighteen hundred and thirty six, the conformation of
which is union blue, star central, thirteen stripes prolonged, alternate red and white, be, and the same
is hereby ratified and confirmed and adopted as the future national flag for the naval service for the Republic
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, &c. That this act shall
take effect and be in force from and after its passage.
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Pres. pro. tem of Senate.
Approved December 10,
See the December 22, 1836 edition of the Telegraph and Texas Register
newspaper, Volume 1, Number 48, published at Columbia, Texas.
Third Congress-First Session
January 4, 1839
"...Mr. Jones from the committee to whom was referred the act fixing the national standard and seal,
reported a substitute, and report as follows:
special committee to whom the act amending the act entitled an act
adopting a national seal and standard for the republic of Texas, approved on the 10th December,
1836 was referred, beg leave to report:
That they have investigated the expediency of amending the act, contemplated by the act submitted to them,
and they have come to a conviction of the necessity of so amending the law, as to change the present form of
the national seal and standard of the republic, for motives which must appear self-evident to every
reflecting mind to be of the highest importance in national point of view.
committee beg leave to make some remarks of the ground upon which their conclusion is founded, and are as
In the early part of the year 1836, when the army
and navy of the republic were engaged in the war against the enemy, which resulted in the achievement of our
Independence, the President ad interim devised the national flag and seal as it were, in case of
emergency, adopting the flag of the United States of America, with little variation, which act was subsequently
ratified by the law of 10th December 1836. The
then adopted flag was expedient for the time being, and has in many instances, been beneficial to our navy and
merchantmen when encountered by the enemy’s forces, on account of being so much blended with the flag of the
United States of America; but the emergency has passed, and the future prospects of Texas are of such a
flattering nature, that the NATIONAL INDEPEDENCE requires that her arms, seal, and standard assume also an
independent character by a form which will not blend them with those of any other nation.
Besides these considerations, the committee would beg to state that inasmuch as the Propositions made by
this Republic in her incipient stage of national existence, to the United States of America, for an
annexation to the American Confederacy has been withdrawn by the Minister Plenipotentiary of this government
at the Court of Washington, and as the wish of the majority of the people of Texas, so far as it is publicly
known, is in favor of sustaining an independent nation among the nations of the earth, and of the transition
of the SINGLE STAR into the American Constellation, and the emmerging of the THIRTEEN TEXIAN STRIPES
into the Twenty-six Stripes of the U. S America inexpedient. The committee are convinced of the necessity of adopting a separate and
distinct standard and arms for this republic, by so embellishing the present one as to fortify the SINGLE
STAR with an Olive and Live Oak Branches, being emblems of peace and the materials of our
strong arm of defence in war, and also indigenous of our soil; also the flag, as proposed by the act,
emblematical of peace and friendship, or of war. All maritime
nations have adopted the national standard for the use of their naval and commercial services of such colors
and devices as to be plainly and distinctly perceived at great distances, and have carefully guarded against
anything that would blend them with the flags of any other, and especially of a neighboring nation, to avoid
any collision in time of war, by a neutral power, this no doubt, ought to be the guide to Texas also, whose
flag bearing the national arms, the committee flatter themselves will display, and be known and be respected
far and wide, so soon as the commerce of this country is extended with foreign nations, protecting the
valuable productions of her rich and exhuberant soil on the
wide extended ocean and in distant ports of the habitable globe.
Therefore your committee beg leave to offer a substitute, amending the original bill referred to them,
accompanying the same with a specimen of the arms, the seal and the standard.
An act amending an act entitled an act adopting a national seal and
standard for the Republic of Texas, approved on the 10th December,
Sec. 1. Be it
enacted by the senate and house of representatives of the republic of Texas in congress assembled, That
from an after the passage of this act, the national arms of the Republic of Texas be, and the same is hereby
declared to be a white star of five points in an azure ground encircled by an olive and live oak
Sec. 2. Be it
further enacted, That the national great seal of this Republic shall from and after the passage of this
act bear the arms of this nation as declared by the first section of this act, and the letters “REPUBLIC OF
Sec. 3. Be it
further enacted, That from and after the passage of this act,
the national standard of Texas shall consist of a blue perpendicular stripe, of the width of one third of
the whole breadth of the flag, with a white star of five points in the centre thereof, and of two horizontal
stripes of equal breadth, the upper stripe white, the lower stripe red, of the length of two third of the
whole length of the flag, any thing in the act to which this an amendment, to the contrary
Sec. 4. Be it
further enacted, That the President be, and he is hereby authorized and required to establish such
signal and other auxiliary flags for the naval revenue and land services, also for the use of pilots and
coasting traders as the said services may require, and he may deem necessary and
See the January 9, 1839 edition of the Telegraph and Texas Register
newspaper, Volume 4, Number 27, published at Houston, Texas.